George v. Equifax Mortg. Services, US 2d Circuit 2010

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George v. Equifax Mortg. Services, US 2d Circuit 2010

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George v. Equifax Mortg. Services
375 Fed.Appx. 76
C.A.2 (N.Y.),2010.
April 28, 2010

PRESENT: DENNIS JACOBS, Chief Judge, GERARD E. LYNCH, Circuit Judge, JANE A. RESTANI FN*, Judge.


FN* The Honorable Jane A. Restani, Chief Judge of the United States Court of International Trade, sitting by designation.
*78 SUMMARY ORDER
**1 Plaintiff-appellant Charles George appeals from a judgment of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (Irizarry, J.) granting the motion for summary judgment by Equifax Mortgage Services (“EMS”) and denying George's motion for sanctions pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 11(b), his motion to strike, and his cross-motion for summary judgment. We assume the parties' familiarity with the facts, proceedings below, and specification of appellate issues.


For substantially the reasons stated by the district court, George's motion for Rule 11 sanctions, his motion to strike, and his cross-motion for summary judgment were all properly denied.


The district court granted summary judgment to EMS on the ground that George failed to demonstrate that he had disputed with EMS the credit information at issue before filing this action. See Casella v. Equifax Credit Info. Servs., 56 F.3d 469, 474 (2d Cir.1995) (“Prior to being notified by a consumer, a credit reporting agency generally has no duty to reinvestigate credit information.”). George had argued, as the district court acknowledged, “that he had notified Equifax [Information Services, LLC (“Equifax”) ] prior to initiating this lawsuit [in August 2005], and that EMS, as a division of Equifax, therefore should have knowledge of his notification. EMS ... was a division of Equifax.” George v. Equifax Mortg. Servs., 2008 WL 4425299, at *2, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 75785, at *6 (E.D.N.Y. Sept. 30, 2008).FN1


FN1. George also has argued that letters he wrote in June 2006 and August 2006 demonstrate that he contested his credit report prior to this action; as he commenced this suit in March 2006, these demonstrate no such thing.



However, in ruling that George's “attempt to impute Equifax's knowledge of his dispute to its subsidiary, EMS, fails as a matter of law,” the district court no longer referred to EMS as a “division of Equifax,” but rather as a “subsidiary.” Id. It is undisputed that “Appellee Equifax Mortgage Services ... is a division of Equifax Information Services LLC,” not a subsidiary. See Appellee's Brief, Corporate Disclosure Statement (emphasis added). It was therefore error to apply here the rules that limit the imputation of a parent corporation's knowledge to its subsidiary; the relevant question was whether a court can impute knowledge from one division of a corporation to another, a question to which different rules apply. Compare Bank of China v. NBM LLC, 359 F.3d 171, 179 (2d Cir.2004) (courts presume that an agent's knowledge is imputed to the principal corporation) with 18B Am.Jur.2d Corporations § 1454 (notice to a parent constitutes notice to a subsidiary only under specific circumstances); see also Western Diversified Servs. v. Hyundai Motor Am., Inc., 427 F.3d 1269, 1276 (10th Cir.2005) (“[W]e see no reason in equity or otherwise to exempt [defendant corporation] from the general principle that an employee's knowledge gained in the course and scope of the employment is imputed to the corporation, and, therefore, to all of its departments.”); D.C. Comics, Inc. v. Powers, 465 F.Supp. 843, 849 n. 8 (S.D.N.Y.1978) (“Before a parent's knowledge will be imputed to its subsidiary, it must be shown that the parent's employees informed of the infringement were under a duty to report that information to the subsidiary.”).


**2 As this error underlies the determination that George had inadequately alerted EMS of his dispute before commencing this action, we must vacate in part and remand.


*79 EMS briefly argues that there is another possible ground for summary judgment, specifically, the lack of proof of actual damages. We decline to decide that question in the first instance, and remand to the district court to consider whether this or any other alternative grounds support its grant of summary judgment.


Accordingly, the judgment of the district court is hereby AFFIRMED in part and in part VACATED and REMANDED for further proceedings consistent with this order.

C.A.2 (N.Y.),2010.
George v. Equifax Mortg. Services
375 Fed.Appx. 76, 2010 WL 1688689 (C.A.2 (N.Y.))
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